Causes and Concerns during Miscarriage

Miscarriage is a nightmare for every woman! Loss of pregnancy in between the first 20 weeks is termed a miscarriage. The research shows the numbers are quite high, according to American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 15 – 20% pregnancies end in miscarriage every year.

Woman with weak state of mind usually blame themselves and wonder if she did or didn’t do something that was important during this period.

What can cause a miscarriage?

Most common causes of Miscarriage are:

  • Chromosomal Abnormalities
  • Incompetent Cervixes and Uterine Abnormalities
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Certain Lifestyle (Alcohol, Drugs, Cigarettes)
  • Bacterial Infections

Yes! You will be glad to know that small cup of coffee. Moderate exercise or sex was NOT the cause of your miscarriage

Let’s discuss each of these in detail and how to avoid miscarriage, this article will shed light on ‘why it happens’ and ‘what you can do to prevent it’.

Chromosomal Abnormalities

Believe it or not, 60% of the miscarriages are caused by mismatched chromosomes. Our genes are carried out by tiny structures known as Chromosomes. We as an individual have twenty-three pairs of them; one set comes from the father and another one from our mother. At times, when the sperm and egg meet, chromosomes fail to line up properly due to a fault on either side. This process produces an embryo that has a chromosomal abnormality and results in miscarriage. Medical assistance can be sought if a couple has experienced more than two miscarriages. It can be identified through medical testing.

Chromosomal Abnormalities

How to avoid miscarriage here?

Timely testing for chromosomal abnormalities is important. If this is your first time, keep your hopes high! The possibility of conceiving and delivering successfully is still there. But if a couple experiences second miscarriage it’s important to consult your doctor for chromosomal testing. The physician may able to spot the issue timely and can start treatment accordingly.

Incompetent Cervixes and Uterine Abnormalities

The inability to hold fetus due to weakened cervix causes pregnancy in miscarriage. About 8 percent of pregnancies end up in miscarriage due to uterine anomalies.

Incompetent Cervixes and Uterine Abnormalities

Wondering why it happens?

During the first trimester, the fetus grows immensely regarding size and weight that it begins to bulge. A weakened cervix can’t hold fetus in and results in miscarriage. It’s important to understand that abnormally divided or shaped uterine septum can be a cause here. Miscarriage, in this case, is about if the fetus is getting enough nourishment and space to grow with time.

How to avoid miscarriage here?

A recurrent miscarriage is the sign of Uterine Abnormalities and Incompetent Cervixes. A physician might not be able to identify this timely. But the positive aspect is once it’s identified it can be corrected. Cerclage is the answer to this problem. Your physician will just put a stitch to keep it intact, and that’s all.

Don’t forget to take plenty of bed rest after this procedure.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

PCOs are the most common cause of miscarriage these days. This happens with the women with high levels of the male hormone testosterone which, among other things, causes irregular ovulation and menstruation. It results in insulin resistance in women who are not even diabetic. The proper maturity of endometrial lining cannot take place due to the presence of Polycystic Ovary. As of now, the numbers are not that high but research shows 8-10% of women at the age of reproduction get affected by PCOs.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

How to avoid miscarriage here?

Glucophage (Metformin) an oral anti-diabetic medicine has been declared successful for treatment of such cases.

Certain Lifestyle (Alcohol, Drugs, Cigarettes)

Women who consume drugs, alcohol or smokes are at greater risk of miscarriage. Consuming recreational drugs or alcoholic beverages can cause miscarriage as Nicotine present in them enters the placenta and affects with fetal growth and blood supply.

It’s important to surround yourself with the fresh and clean environment if you are trying to conceive. Though the reason is yet to be known research shows Women who work for dental offices, farms, factories, and laboratories usually suffer a miscarriage.

How to avoid miscarriage here?

‘It all starts with you.’

Keeping aside all other common causes of miscarriage, in your struggle to become a MOM you need to give up all habits that are injurious to you and your baby. If you are working in such environment that you consider unhealthy for you and your baby discuss with your doctor and get a solution.

Bacterial Infections

In female and male reproductive tracts, several micro-organisms live guardedly; in fact, they sometimes help in different ways. But few bacteria are not so friendly with our body and can cause problems including risk of miscarriage. Mycoplasma hominis and ureaplasma urealyticum are the two particular forms of bacteria that cause miscarriage in women. The lining of the uterus gets inflamed and catch an infection with these bacteria. Resulting in no growth for an embryo.

Bacterial Infections

How to avoid miscarriage here?

Anti-biotic can easily eradicate such infections.

Concerns during Miscarriage

For a woman who was about to be a MOM, miscarriage is nothing less than a rollercoaster of emotions. Anxiety takes over your mind and fills it with concerns, questions, and doubts.

Here are the most common concerns:

Can I die from having a miscarriage?

Most women successfully go through this phase. At times malpractice or infections through unsterile tools may cause complications. But if done carefully all this can be prevented.

Why me? Why did it happen to me?

The acceptance of this aspect is indeed difficult. Often there is no explanation for miscarriage, and this makes it more complicated for the parents to accept what happened and why. The most common cause of a miscarriage as explained above can be eradicated by taking precautionary measures TIMELY.

concerns during miscarriage

How long will my body take to recover from a miscarriage?

Don’t worry your body will heal quickly. You might experience mild cramps and bleed for a week and so. But within two to four weeks of miscarriage, you will ovulate, and the normal menstrual cycle will be formed.

When can I try to get pregnant again?

The urge to have a baby becomes stronger after miscarriage; this emotion is same for almost every woman on earth. In this regard, it’s better to discuss your plans with your doctor and ask them when it is safe for you to try again for a baby.

My final take on this….

The journey of becoming a MOM is indeed confusing and scary. But don’t forget women from different parts of the world are giving to healthy babies every second, every minute, every day.

You just need to be patient and strong!

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